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The impact of ammonia emissions on biodiversity - Blog Farm4Trade

Livestock production in the agricultural sector is deemed to be the top producer of ammonia emissions, through volatilization of ammonia from waste (faecal production).  Ammonia (NH3) is a rudimentary colorless…

Liver fluke prevalence in sheep - Blog Farm4Trade

Fasciolosis, commonly referred to as Liver Fluke disease, is caused by Fasciola hepatica parasite.  Liver Fluke disease may increase as a result of migrating immature flukes to the liver, especially…

Examples on how farm Management can help you in everyday tasks on the farm - Blog Farm4Trade

Managing a livestock farm is a full-time job and every farmer has to take on many responsibilities that cannot be underestimated.  Everyone can encounter difficulties in having the right informations…

In the field of agricultural services, Farm4Trade is a company committed to sharing and spreading knowledge empowering rural communities and students in Agriculture, Food Production and Animal Production or Veterinary…

Technological ways of reducing livestock losses - Blog Farm4Trade

Livestock losses via theft and accidental deaths is one of the most critical aspects that affect farming success. These kinds of losses affect the production success of a farmer. There…

ADAL awarded the SEAL of EXCELLENCE by the European Commission

Farm4Trade’s ADAL R&D project has been awarded the European Commission’s “Seal of Excellence” in March 2020, for the highly innovative potential of our proposal to the Horizon 2020 Funding Program…

Different methods of animal identification - Blog Farm4Trade

Animal identification is known as ‘the combination of the identification and registration of an animal individually, with a unique identifier, or collectively by its epidemiological unit or group, with a…

How to protect livestock from wildlife transmitted diseases

Animal diseases pose a risk to public health and cause damage to businesses and the economy at large.  Covid-19 belongs to the family of zoonoses, which are diseases that can…

Pascall D.J. et al., PLoS Biology 2020 Apr 28;18(4):e3000673. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000673. eCollection 2020 Apr. Bluetongue is a major disease of domestic ruminants, mainly affecting sheep and caused by the bluetongue…

Di Teodoro et al., Veterinary Pathology 2020 May 11; 300985820921818. doi: 10.1177/0300985820921818. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) and is still endemic in sub-Saharan…

Best practices for livestock management during the Covid-19 Emergency - Blog Farm4Trade

The current Covid-19 pandemic that has led most, if not all, the countries to shut down the economy, in order to slow down the spread of the virus, is affecting…

Aquaculture a lucrative venture - Blog Farm4Trade

China, Norway, India, Vietnam, Bangladesh, and Egypt are some of the top producers in the aquaculture industry, with China as the lead nation.  Today we dwell on the practice and…

Automatic Detection of Abattoir Lesions (ADAL): an innovative technology for animal disease monitoring in the slaughterhouse

MONITORING LIVESTOCK DISEASE AT THE ABATTOIR The slaughterhouse is widely seen as an important checkpoint for monitoring the health status of farm animals, especially in pigs. This role is traditionally…

Management skills to improve livestock farming productivity through animal wellness farm management application

Livestock farming is frequently considered hectic especially if one is dealing with a variety of animals in his/her farm.  Past are the days where farmers used to stroll around with…

The side effects of fighting snakes - Blog Farm4Trade

What comes to mind when you hear the term “snake”? Most people would say, “I want to kill it”, “I am scared” or “it is a poisonous”. There are many…

Precision Livestock Farming Sustainable Farm4Trade

Precision Livestock Farming (PLF) is the application of principles and techniques of process engineering to livestock farming in order to monitor, model and manage animal production. Moreover, PLF technology generates…

A conflict in existence of the invasive tree species Prosopis glandulosa - Blog Farm4Trade

The Prosopis Glandulosa invasive tree species pose a serious threat to both fauna and flora, and yet can be used in fodder production.  The Prosopis tree species originates in the…

Livestock identification through ear tags and alternative methods

Livestock identification is crucial for traceability and it is directly related to public health as well as to livestock conservation. Meat, milk and all animal products’ supply chains are built…

The prevalence of Mastitis in Cattle dairy herd

Mastitis is one of the most frequently occurring disease and results in economic losses in cattle dairy herds around the world.  Economic losses often associated with mastitis encompasses reduction in…

Regenerative Agriculture: 3

Regenerative agriculture is a system of farming principles and practices that enhance biodiversity, soil enrichment, improve watersheds and the general ecosystem at large.  Currently, farming communities strive towards sustainable farming…

Use of traditional animal health care to treat ailments in livestock

Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) commonly known as traditional animal health care, incorporates knowledge, skills, methods, practices, and beliefs on animal health care, and is found among community members. Nfi et al….

Lung Sickness or Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) - Blog Farm4Trade

Today we will look at the contagious bovine pleuropneumonia disease commonly known as “lung sickness”.  About this particular condition we often hear from farmers:  “My bull’s head stretched out and…

Animal welfare in relation with animal freedoms - Blog Farm4Trade

Failure to adhere to the animal freedom principles advances concern on animal welfare, particularly in pets and domesticated animals.  Today we want to illustrate the significance of the five animal…

Rational grazing in livestock farming - Blog Farm4trade

Rational grazing in livestock farming is the progressive and efficient pasture management system that complements plant physiology principles with the nutritional needs of an animal, while improving soil through ecological…

How to manage and avoid anthelmintic resistance in horses - Farm4Trade Blog

Resistance to administered anthelmintic drugs has been reported to be high in Equine species, such as horses, donkeys and zebras. Today we dig more in-depth on anthelmintic resistance in horses,…

The significance of sexing in bird species - Farm4Trade

Sexing in birds is a difficult exercise, as male and female a day old hatchlings look similar and one cannot tell them apart. Accuracy in sex identification in birds is…

What you need to do when you have to transport livestock animals - Farm4Trade Blog

When moving, you must transport livestock in a way that will not cause animals injury or unnecessary suffering, adhering to animal welfare practices. Today we dig in-depth on factors to…

colostrum mammals animal nutrition

In today’s edition we focus on the nutritional benefits of colostrum in mammal newborns such as calves, kids, lambs, puppies, piglets, foals, cubs, and pups. Mammals are animals that that…

Farm4Trade Blog - Is coronavirus a threat for livestock animals?

What is Coronavirus? Coronavirus has caused sudden panic in the world, as it spreads across the continents like wild fire. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), belongs to a virus family commonly known…

Farm4Trade-The effects of drought on the hippopotamus

The persistent drought has a serious impact on hippopotamus. Here how to ensure survival and reduce the impact of droughts through mitigation strategies

Farm4Trade-best practices to tackle the fall armyworms invasion

The Fall Armyworm is an insect that is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.
When there’s no natural control or good management, it can cause significant damage to crops.

Farm4Trade - How controlled burning improves vegetation growth - Farm Management

Controlled burning is a management tool that when used under specifically controlled conditions will help farmers manage forests and rangelands for multiple use.

Pinkeye disease in cattle how to treat and prevent-Farm4Trade - Pinkeye disease in cattle how to treat and prevent

Pinkeye is a painful disease in cattle. It can spread through the heard and if not treated adequately, it can even cause blindness.

Farm4Trade-Intensive pig farming

Intensive pig farming is a cost effective way of making the most profit out of the animals that you have. A few challenges can always comes up because of the cramped system in which animals are farmed. Learn how a proper management system significantly contributes to the success of a piggery unit.

Farm4Trade-Karakul sheep and its association with the fashion industry

Karakul breed is one of the most well-known sheep breeds in the world, discover why they are immensely attractive for the fashion industry.

Farm4Trade-Importance of buffaloes as bio-indicators in Animal trade

Buffaloes are well known as biological indicators of the foot-and-mouth disease virus as they are the major reservoir of the disease

Farm4Trade-Show Boer Goat_Tips on what to look for during selection

There are several criteria you should consider when selecting a show goat: learn what characteristics judges look at to evaluate your Boer goat.

Farm4Trade-How to prepare vermicompost in 10 steps

Vermicomposting is a type of composting in which certain species of earthworms are used to enhance the process of organic waste conversion and produce a better end-product.
The advantages of vermicompost include enriching soil, increasing harvest yields and suppressing plant disease.

Farm4Trade-Manage brucellosis in farm animals

An effective approach should be adopted to eradicate and prevent brucellosis in cattle. Diagnosing and prevention are the rules often recommended by experts

Farm4Trade-Knowing invasive plant species and their use as feed

Invasive plant species pose a large threat to ecosystems, especially when no management practice is set in place to reduce the effect. But when active adaptive management approach is applied, the harvested materials can be transformed into feed for animals, providing a required and sufficient balance diet.

Farm4Trade-keep water troughs clean for healthier animals

Water for animals is actually an essential nutrient. It is vital for good health and productivity.

Farm4Trade-Cheaper feed source for ruminants urea molasses block

Ureal molasses block: researchers, animal nutritionists and feed producers are in search of alternative and cheaper feed ingredients to feed livestock.

Farm4Trade - The importance of record keeping

Keeping farm records is extremely important for farmers to have full control over the current and the future of the farm management. It allows to improve animal welfare and business productivity and also to avoid financial losses.

Farm4Trade-tips to prepare and survive drought

There are ways of surviving through drought events and ensuring less loss of livestock and less damage on the grazing lands.


Cattle is one of the animals that play a role to shape an ecosystem, by dispersing seeds, breaking seed dormancy and creating a fertile ground for plant growth.

farmland is an increasingly valuable asset - Farm4Trade

Owning a farm can be a profitable investment if you know how to manage it properly. But if you’re cautions type, you’d probably want to make a note on the potential activity that farm owners can embark on to earn more money.


Camels are also considered to be “ships of the desert” as they are used a way to transport items across the desert. Learn interesting facts about camels

A proper rangelands management allows giving plants adequate rest to recover after grazing, creating drought reserves, making rangeland improvement through bush control.

Farm4Trade-The importance of vaccination in livestock

Vaccines have a key role in protecting animal and public health, reducing mortality, improving production, reducing the need for antibiotics in cattle feed.

Farm4Trade-Drought management strategies for small ruminants

A series of efficient strategies to help small ruminants maintaining their body conditions and health status during drought.

10 reasons to start raising rabbits-Farm4Trade

Rabbits have the potential to be one of the more profitable species to raise. Discover our ten reasons why you should start raising rabbits.

Farm4Trade - Biomass Technology Expo 2019 Namibia

Farm4Trade has attended the Biomass Technology Expo 2019, Namibia. According to the spirit of the event, Farm4Trade believes that our products and services can develop a better use of rangeland management and improve farm productivity.

Production of oyster mushroom using agricultural wastes-Farm4Trade

Oyster mushroom cultivation has the potential of converting agricultural waste into protein rich nutritional products. It is an ideal activity to generate income, reduce waste and fight malnutrition in communal and periurban areas.

Crocodile farming- an alternative and lucrative business-Farm4Trade

Crocodile is one of the most dangerous animal for humans. Crocodile farming is gaining popularity as a very profitable business, but requires a large amount of initial investment. In order to succeed a lot of practice, experience and patience is required

The importance of understanding animals digestive process-Farm4Trade

Animals depend on two processes: feeding and digestion. Understanding the digestive system can help the producer become more efficient in feeding, have a better understanding of animal health and problems that may occur.

Fun facts about goats grazing habits-Farm4Trade

Sheep, goats and cattle and other livestock animals have different grazing behaviors.
Among the ruminant species, goats are able to survive and even flourish in extremely hostile environments.
These factors combined with dietary versatility, adaptability and a hardy constitution have made goats a primary livestock animal for most of the world.

Ostrich farming a high profitable business - Farm4Trade

Ostrich farming is much more profitable than raising other traditional farm animals. Ostriches are loving birds, they are quite easy to raise and require little maintenance from farmers.
One of the reasons why ostrich farming is a lucrative business is the number of valuables an ostrich has to offer; and very little ever goes to waste.

Farm4Trade-Feeding strategies in dairy cows during heat stress conditions

Heat stress increases mortality and decreases the production of dairy cows. The effects can be minimised by applying appropriate dietary strategies.

Farm4Trade-methods of estimating forage intake of grazing animals.

Estimating forage intake in grazing animals is critical not only to understand grazing animal behaviours and nutrition, but also to improve grassland management and production systems in a given area

Farm4Trade-management techniques to reduce heat stress in livestock

Livestock adapts to heat-stressed weather conditions through different mechanism. Understanding the behavioral responses of animals helps to ensure that they are well managed in order to reduce not only heat stress but also to avoid the reduction of animal production.

Farm4Trade-Livestock foraging behavior and diet selection

A thorough awareness of the mechanism that guide animals diet selection is necessary to better understand their forage needs and possible competitive interactions amongst them


Dung analysis is a good way to look at the interaction of cattle and their forage quality. This is an important approach for an effective management of herd health and nutrition.


Anti-nutritional factors interfere with feed use and affect the health and animal production. A better understanding and management of Anti-nutritional factors is necessary to let farmers be able to apply more appropriate techniques to reduce antinutrients deleterious effects.


Guinea fowls are wild species that originated from Africa. In developing countries the rearing of guinea fowl is a potential alternative for poultry production

farming wild animals

The raising of non-domesticated animals known as wildlife farming can provide several benefits: mitigates the negative effects of climate change, creates income for breeders and fight the degradation of lands.


Weight is a really important parameter in livestock. Not only for health and growth purpose but also for commercial reasons. Here the most common methods to measure it.

the use of telemetry in livestock farming

The use of GPS telemetry can assist in rangeland management, improving efficiency, enhancing the productive performances of livestock in general.


Several farmers are using encroacher bush as animal feed resources. They’ve found a solution to rangengelands that are degraded by native shrubs encroachment in Namibia and other southern African countries.

Farm4Trade-Using biochar in animal feeding to reduce greenhouse gasses emission

Several studies have shown that to reduce the greenhouse gasses (GHGs) emissions the humanity has to apply some mitigation strategies.
The production of biochar has been suggested as one possible means of reducing the atmospheric CO2.


Raising pigs is not only a popular business but also a very lucrative one. To make a profitable pig farm, everybody needs to follow some methods which are described in this guide for beginners.

Bloat in cattle common practices to reduce and prevent the disease-Farm4Trade

The prevention of bloat is not only advantageous to reduce cattle death, but it can also reduce the undesirable effect on the cow’s performance. The solution is to apply methods and strategies to prevent the disease.


The Farm4Trade Café is a resource center which offers free services to breeders and livestock farmers and while promoting the advantages of Free (and Premium) Farm4Trade applications.

Artificial intelligence for animal recognition and traceability

Farm4Trade has developed the first animal recognition system, completely contactless, for individual cattle identification based on the use of AI and Computer vision technologies.


Students of the University of Namibia to participate in a feedlot productivity challenge with the Farm4trade farm management app.

Organic farming-Biochar amendment - Farm4Trade

Literature has shown that biochar amendment significantly enhances the nutrient availability and nutrient retention of a wide range of soils.

Agro-industrial by-products-Farm4Trade

Agro-industrial by-products are mostly derived from agricultural processing industries and represent a vast potential source of animal feed.

Farm4Trade - Innovative animal feed

The use of innovative techniques in animal feeding are imperative to overcome the present and future challenges related to food security and climate change.

Machine Learning For Animal Recognition

Research project for a PhD curriculum in ICT – Computer Engineering and Science/Electronics and Telecommunication/Industrial Applications of ICT

Organic And Sustainable Farming

There is lots of information on the differences between organic and sustainable farming. We decided to focus on the main aspects to avoid misunderstandings

Sustainable And Organic Farming

Farming: Organic is a certification, this means it is a certified label regulated by a national Institution or Body. Sustainable it is currently not a label


Governments try to promote organic farming, while scientists and International Institutions focus on promoting sustainable farming


The majority of animal tissues and organs need proteins as their building blocks. Therefore, proteins are needed for the growth and regeneration of tissues


Understanding how to interpret laboratory analysis is crucial to understand feed nutritional results and to establish proper feeding practices


A balanced diet is crucial to optimize the feed resources available. The first step consists in understanding the nutrient requirements of the animals

Feeding has a direct impact on the growth rate, production capacity and health status of the animal. Feeding is key for a profitable and sustainable farming


The importance of pregnancy test for cattle is the key to profitability for all breeds. It allows to monitor reproductive efficiency and to detect problems

How to start farming Cattle. In Countries where there is lots of land and lack of food, starting a cattle breeding business can be very profitable


It is hard to think killing animals may be beneficial for conservation, but trophy hunting can valuable for local communities, researchers and hunters


Poultry farming is an easy and remunerative way to start your farm. You must have some basic knowledge and be dedicated and passionate


Goats like sheeps are some of the best ruminants to grow. They can provide good milk, skin and meat. They can support local community and farmers.

Farm4Trade-Donkey an ancient asset for today and tomorrow

Donkey an old animal that has kept us company for centuries now has a new renaissance due to its milk, meat and therapeutic aspects


Growing sheep can be easy, but there are a few important rules to keep in mind in order to have the best animals and production.


Are we raising livestock the right way? There are different types of management systems, let’s learn which one can be adapt to our need


Livestock has been used by human beings since the beginning. We should know and respect traditional breeds to preserve both our and their future


African cattle have specific features that makes them so different, interesting and unique. Different breeds exist for different environments


Cause modern agriculture has failed the goal of being efficient and sustainable, small scale farmers are the only valid resource for our future